According to Media sources, retired Army Gen. David Petraeus fears failure to stabilize Iraq after retaking Mosul could lead to ISIL 3.0.
The U.S. Anti-ISIL coalition is helping the Iraqi Security Forces plan a military offensive against the city of Mosul, which ISIL seized in 2014. Mosul is the second largest city in Iraq, and retaking it will deprive ISIL of the last major city it holds in Iraq.
Petraeus warns in a Saturday op-ed for The Washington Post that, “The challenge of Mosul and Nineveh is the considerable number of ethnic groups, religious sects, tribes and other elements that make up the governorate.” Rebuilding Mosul is likely to cost billions of dollars. How that money is spent will constitute a major political challenge to Iraq’s government. Iraq is already in the midst of a political crisis, with sectarian tensions at an all-time high.